Manhattan NYC – morning reflections and shadows around World Trade Center

The state-of-the-art World Trade Center Transportation Hub, completed in 2016, serves 250,000 Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) daily commuters and millions of annual visitors from around the world. At approximately 800,000 square feet, the Hub, designed by internationally acclaimed architect Santiago Calatrava, is the third largest transportation center in New York City.


The World Trade Center Transportation Hub’s concourse will ultimately connect visitors to 11 different subway lines; the PATH rail system; the Battery Park City Ferry Terminal; the National September 11 Memorial & Museum; World Trade Center Towers 1, 2, 3, and 4; and Brookfield Place (formerly known as the World Financial Center), which houses the Winter Garden. It represents the most integrated network of underground pedestrian connections in New York City.

The “Oculus” serves as the centerpiece of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, incorporating 78,000 square feet of multi level state-of-the-art retail and dining. The concourses emanating from the Oculus link the entirety of the site above and below grade. With an additional 290,000 square feet of exciting, multi-level retail and dining space, the World Trade Center site is the focal point of Lower Manhattan.

World Trade Center Retail
The new port of entry to Lower Manhattan, Westfield World Trade Center is located at the site where 60,000 neighborhood residents, 300,000 daily commuters, 13 subway / PATH trains, multiple ferry lines, and an additional 15 million annual global travelers converge within one landmark setting. This new New York City experience brings together commerce, community and culture in a destination integrating the Santiago Calatrava’s designed Oculus, street-level space in WTC Towers 3 and 4, as well as the galleries that run underground across the World Trade Center campus (including to 1 WTC, now the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere).

Encompassing more than 100 fashion, beauty, lifestyle and technology brands across 365,000 square feet of retail space, Westfield World Trade Center is home to one of the most diverse retail collections in New York City, restaurant concepts created by world-class chefs, art, culture, events and entertainment, as well as showrooms, sponsorships and engaging media activations for premier partners such as Ford, Chase and PepsiCo.

The World Trade Center retail complex will be a centerpiece for the entire Lower Manhattan area, a district that is experiencing rapid growth in office occupancy, residential population, commuter traffic and tourism. With the lure of the World Trade Center and convenient access to many modes of public transportation, the area attracts millions of visitors each year.

THE OCULUS Milestones
– PATH Platforms C&D Open to the Public – September 8, 2016
– Flag Raising Ceremony for WTC Oculus Plaza – August 16, 2016
– Westfield World Trade Center Mall Opens For Business – August 16, 2016
– Eataly Opening — August 11, 2016
– World Trade Center PATH station mezzanine level opens at -WTC Transportation Hub August 8, 2016.
– WTC Tower 2 entrance to PATH Opens June 21, 2016
– Dey Street Connection to Fulton Center, providing PATH riders with direct access to NYC subway lines opened to public May 26, 2016
– The Vierendeel Truss, serves as the “backbone” for the mezzanine roof and acts as a support for the northeast corner of the WTC Memorial. The truss weighs over 270 tons.
– Design of the Hub includes fully integrated, climate-controlled concourses, mezzanines and platforms featuring high performance lighting and elegant finishes.
– Over 12,500 tons of specially designed structural steel has been used to construct the WTC Transportation Hub Oculus , which is equivalent to the mass of 880 average sized school buses.
– Platform A opened to the public on February 15, 2014.
– West Concourse opened to the public on October 24, 2013.
– The main transit hall is 365 feet long, 90 feet longer than the main concourse of Grand Central Terminal.


Developed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey – and managed, operated and leased by The Durst Organization, One World Trade Center is redefining Lower Manhattan’s New York skyline. Standing at a symbolic 1,776 feet tall, the architectural and engineering marvel is an ever-present symbol of renewal and hope.

Designed by renowned architect David Childs, of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, LLP, One World Trade Center incorporates new architectural and environmental standards, setting a new level of social responsibility in urban design.

The 104-story building, a joint venture between The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and The Durst Organization, is designed to be the safest commercial structure in the world and the premier c ommercial business address in New York. Currently One World Trade Center has leased 67 percent of its 3,000,000,000 square feet of office space which includes tenants: Condé Nast who is One WTC’s an chor tenant leasing nearly 1.2 million square feet to house its global headquarters, U.S. General Services Administration which has leased more than 270,000 square feet, global digital gaming company High 5 Games has leased more than 85,000 square feet, Tech advertising firm xAd has leased more than 86,000 square feet, and prominent financial services Moody’s has leased more than 70,000 square fee t bringing some of the world’s top companies to Lower Manhattan.

One World Trade Center has also attracted broadcast tenants CBS, NBC Universal-owned WNBC, WNJJ and PBS has relocated operations to the 408-foot-tall spire of One World Trade Center.

The New Standard in Design
The ultra-modern design of One World Trade Center is an innovative mix of architecture, safety and sustainability featuring column-free floors, nine-foot high, floor to ceiling, and clear glass windows for
spectacular unparalleled views. The building’s simplicity and clarity of form are timeless, extending the long tradition of American ingenuity in high-rise construction. One World Trade Center will be a new visual landmark for New York and the United States.

One World Trade Center is designed to achieve LEED CS Gold Certification and its structure is designed around a strong, redundant steel frame, consisting of beams and columns. Paired with a concrete-core shear wall, the redundant steel frame lends substantial rigidity and redundancy to the overall building structure while providing column-free interior spans for maximum flexibility. The building incorporates highly advanced state-of-the-art life-safety systems that exceed the requirements of the New York City Building Code and that will lead the way in developing new innovative technology for high-rise building standards.

A New Level of Social Responsibility in Urban Design
Through unprecedented collaborations with technology and energy leaders throughout the world, One World Trade Center’s design team used the latest methods to maximize efficiency, minimize waste a
nd pollution, conserve water, improve air quality and reduce the impacts of the development.

Taking advantage of the next generation of innovative energy sources, as well as off-site renewable wind and hydro power, One World Trade Center is slated to be both safe and environmentally friendly.

Unsurpassed Access
Workers commuting to One World Trade Center will enjoy unprecedented access to mass transit service. Dazzling new climate-controlled corridors will connect One World Trade Center to the WTC Transportation Hub and the new PATH terminal, 11 NYC Transit subway lines and the new Fulton Street Transit Center, the World Financial Center and ferry terminal, underground parking and approximately 450,000 square feet of world-class shopping and dining amenities developed by Westfield a leading world-wide retail property owner situated throughout the16-acre World trade Center campus.

One World Trade Center’s location in Lower Manhattan positions it in close proximity to amenities at the World Financial Center, Battery Park City and the new West Side Promenade, as well as offers easy access to Tribeca, South Street Seaport and Wall Street. Neighborhood amenities include world-class shopping and a riverfront walkway in a mixed-use community that is active 24/7.

– One World Observatory opens to the general public May 29, 2015
– One World Trade Center opened for business on November 3, 2014 with the move in of Conde Nast
– October 17, 2014 One WTC sidewalks open to general public on Vesey, West and Fulton streets
– The completed glazing for the entire Tower (including hoists) occurred in September 2014
– February 21, 2014 move one of 13,000 glass window panels into place
– January 29, 2014 First official lighting of One WTC spire
Masons install Mesabi Black granite floors in lobby of One WTC December 6, 2013
One WTC was officially ruled taller than the Willis Tower Building in Chicago, by the Council of Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat on November 12, 2013
– Spire and Beacon lighting tested November 8, 2013
– One World Trade Center opened for business on November 3, 2014 with the move in of Conde Nast
– Derrick cranes removed from roof of One WTC September 6, 2013
– The final piece of spire was lifted and installed on May 10, 2013 bringing the Tower to its full height
– The first spire section was installed on January 2013
– Spire segments arrive in New York Harbor November 16, 2012
– The topping out of steel occurred in August 2012 with the 104th floor
– Steel erection reaches 92nd floor February 2, 2012
– Steel erection is complete to One WTC 64th floor on May 4, 2011
– Curtain wall installed to the 27th floor March 3, 2011
– Steel erection is complete to One WTC 52nd floor on December 17, 2010
– Steel erection is complete to One WTC 40th floor on September 28, 2010
– First ever “cocoon” protective system is used at One WTC on April 5, 2010
– November 26, 2009 twenty-four steel columns erected around One WTC
– March 27, 2009 Port Authority changes the name from Freedom Tower to One World Trade Center
– One WTC south core rises more than 25 feet above street level November 20, 2008
– May 17, 2008 One WTC steel columns rise above grade
– Concrete placement at One WTC north core concrete shear walls are insulated January 2, 2008
– Final concrete formwork for One WTC core foundations is underway October 12, 2007
– The first of 64 steel cages, which will reinforce the slurry wall that wraps around the site, is erected January 24, 2007
– December 19, 2006 first steel columns erected
– Tishman Construction continues drilling at One WTC November 29, 2006
– Blasting started June 21, 2006
– April 27, 2006 Construction of the Freedom Tower (OWTC) officially begins with groundbreaking ceremony

One WTC Building Facts
– The tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere stands at a symbolic 1,776 feet.
– 104 Floors
– Lobby Height: 50 feet (part of building base)
– 3 million square feet Class (A) office space.
– There are 70 elevators in the building
– 3 observation floors (100,101,102)
– Over 45,000 tons of structural steel
– Over 200,000 cubic yards of concrete. Enough concrete to make a sidewalk from New York to Chicago
– Base Shape and Dimensions: cubic, measuring 200 feet by 200 feet Below Grade Footprint: 42,000 square feet
– Pedestrian access from Vesey, Fulton and West Streets at grade and from Transportation Hub East-West Connector below grade
– Office Space: 3,000,000 square feet, with typical office floors at 13′ 4" floor-to-floor height
– 11 Escalators serving Lobby, Retail and Observation Deck needs; and 71 Elevators: 44 high-rise passenger, 10 high-rise shuttle, 5 high-rise service, 5 high-rise express to the observation deck, and 7 low-rise
– The 187-foot-high base will be clad in over 2,100 pieces of specially designed glass panels
– Exterior cladding will be composed of 1,000,000 square feet of glass